- Here is a sample of what you will find in chapter 4 of the downloadable Tutorial on Excel macros. The Code Window in the VBE of Excel. Note: Print this page, open Excel and a open a new workbook.Use ALT/F11 to navigate from the Visual Basic Editor to Excel as you learned in lesson 1.
- Code: Sub ChangeAllToLOWERCase Dim Rng As Range For Each Rng In Selection.Cells If Rng.HasFormula = False Then Rng.Value = LCase(Rng.Value) End If Next Rng End Sub. First, select the data and run the code. It will convert all the text values to lower case characters in excel. #12 – Highlight All the Commented Cells.
- Excel Vba Macro Examples
- Microsoft Visual Basic For Excel
- Visual Basic Code Example Excel Example
- Excel Vba Example
- Example Of Vba Code
Visual Basic 6 is a third-generation event-driven programming language first released by Microsoft in 1991. In VB 6, there is no limit of what applications you could create, the sky is the limit. You can develop educational apps, financial apps, games, multimedia apps, animations, database applications and more.
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To write VBA code in Excel open up the VBA Editor (ALT + F11). Type 'Sub HelloWorld', Press Enter, and you've created a Macro! OR Copy and paste one of the procedures listed on this page into the code window. What is Excel VBA? You have now written Excel VBA code to select a range of cells on a spreadsheet. And all with the click of a button! Now return to the Visual Basic editor (From the Developer toolbar, click Visual Basic on the Code panel.) Type a single quote before your Range line. The line should turn green. Excel Macro Examples & Free Downloads One of the best ways to learn Excel VBA is by exploring code samples & examples. That is why, we publish detailed examples, downloadable workbooks & full-length tutorials from time to time. In this page, you can find several Excel VBA examples. Click on any link to see the.
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The Slot Machine created using VB6
If you’ve done a lot of work in Excel, you’ve probably heard about Macros orVBA. Excel VBA can help you do your work much, much faster. It can also help youexpand the true power of Excel in ways you never thought possible. Ranging fromprocessing data in a worksheet all the way to scraping web pages, VBA is quitethe beast. In this post, I’d like to discuss Excel VBA for beginners. We’llcover:
- What is VBA?
- When should you use VBA?
- Getting started with the Visual Basic Editor
- Your first useful program
What is VBA and why should I care?
VBA stands forVisual Basic for Applications.It is an implementation of Microsoft’sVisual Basic 6 programminglanguage specific to Office applications in order to give you access to eachapplication’s features like cells, charts, and more. Each Office application hasits own VBA Object Model (an Object Model is sort of like a map of the featuresyou have access to with VBA). So while the VBA concepts are the same for eachOffice application, there is still a learning curve for each one.
Ok, enough with the boring stuff. Why should you care about Excel VBA?
Simple: it makes your life easier.
(You laugh - this really happened to me)
You can write programs that will do tasks for you lightning fast - leaving youmore time to do other things that are more important. This is especially usefulfor when you have to do a repetitive, tedious task to perform. For example, youcould use Excel VBA for:
- Copying and modifying data
- Apply formatting automatically
- Finding unique values
- Data checking before Saving
- Go beyond Sheet Protection
- Create forms to control data entry
- And so much more (seriously, way more)
Excel Vba Macro Examples
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When Should You Use VBA?
When you have a logical, repeatable process that you do over and over, thenit’s time to consider automating it. However, if you’re just doing a one-offthing that will take you 10 minutes to do and will probably never do it again,it will probably not be worth your time making a macro to get the job done. Justrough through it. Trust me on this.
Excel VBA for Beginners - Start with the Visual Basic Editor
Microsoft Visual Basic For Excel
The first place to get started would be the Visual Basic Editor. Press
ALT+F11. You will have a new window pop up.
This is called the Visual Basic Editor and this is where you’ll be doing allyour magic. Consider this your workbench, or your garage, or your desk -whatever place you get your work done.
I’m sure you’re itching to get some coding done, and we will! But it’s importantto understand where the tools are so you understand your surroundings. So, let’squickly breakdown these components:
Excel VBA Project Window
Located at the top left of the VBE window, the Excel VBA Project window willshow you all the places where your VBA code can potentially live. Think of it asa quick reference like Windows folders in Explorer. In this section, you canfind Worksheet code, Workbook code, Userform code, regular Modules, and ClassModules. Each one of these could be considered a Project Object. All ofthese Project Objects can hold code, but each one has it’s own special uses(which I’ll cover in a later post).
Just below the Project Window is the Properties Window. This window holds theproperties of each Project Object that is currently selected. I haven’t foundmany times where I needed to use this, but feel free to poke around to getfamiliar with changing those properties.
Visual Basic Code Example Excel Example
Just your standard toolbar. We’ll dig more into this as we move along withfuture posts.
Okay. Enough of that. Let’s get to the real meat.
Writing Your First Useful Program
Many “intro to programming in X language” articles usually start with a “HelloWorld” program. What that basically means is that the article teaches you how todisplay “Hello World” to the user. But these kinds of intros leave a lot to bedesired. So, let’s forget”Hello, world!” and get someREAL work done.
Please realize that you cannot Undo any changes that Excel VBA code will maketo your spreadsheet.
Sorry, but there’s no Control+Z’ing your way out of a VBA mistake!
That said, please Save before moving executing any Excel VBA code in case somethinggoes wrong. I personally suggest that you use a test workbook when learning VBA.
For our first program, let’s delete entire rows of data if column A has aspecific value in it. For example, say we have this data:
We want to delete any row with “Delete” in it and leave the other rows alone.So, we have 4 “Keep” cells to leave alone and to delete 3 “Delete” cells. If youwere to do this, how would you begin?
Your first inclination might be to loop through the cells, search for “Delete”and, if found, delete the entire row. Yes? Cool, let’s try that.
Go to the VBE window and create a new module by right-clicking on the workbookname in the Project Window, hover over Insert, and click on Module, like so:
Add this code to the module (we’ll go over what this means in a minute):
In order to run this code:
- Go back to the workbook and select the cells A1:A8 (this is important toremember)
- Bring up the Macro Window by pressing ALT+F8
- Select “deleteText”
Click Run. Let’s take a look at the data.
Excel Vba Example
…huh. There’s still one cell that says Delete.
C’mon man. How is this a useful program? It didn’t even work right!
Alright, alright. Calm down. This kind of thing is something you’ll always runinto when coding. No matter how good you get, there will always be somethingthat snags you. I figured it was a good idea to get you used to this type ofthing early on. All this means is that we have a bug in the code. So let’s”debug” it.
There are a lot of debugging features to cover, but this post has already goneon and on pretty long and I want to try to hold your attention for just aliiiittle bit longer. So let’s cover the code step by step to see if we canuncover what went wrong.
The first line of code is just a variable declaration, so there’s nothing wrongwith that. The only other part of this code is the For loop, so let’s see what’sgoing on there.
This line tells VBA to process all the cells in your selection one-by-one. Inorder to do anything with the cell being processed for each time the loop runsits course, we tell VBA to assign each cell to the variable
r. This is the waywe access each cell’s information as we loop through all the cells in theselection.
The text inside the cell is what we’re trying to check - and this is how wecheck it.
r.Value will return whatever text is within the cell that we’reinvestigating. If the cell’s value is
'Delete' then we will move on to thenext statement, which is:
So, if the cell’s text reads “Delete” then we want to delete the entire rowthat that cell is in. Simple, right?
Well, not exactly.
When we tell VBA “hey, loop through these cells, please,” it will take thatrange of cells, and store it internally so it can loop through it. The way Exceldoes this is by using a counter to keep track of where it is within the range.So, let’s look at the original data again:
The first row has “Data” in the cell, so we skip this one. The second row has“Delete” in it, so we delete it, along with the entire row. This affects theentire range that we’re working with. So, before we deleted the row, VBA wasat row 2:
Then we delete the row, and VBA is still at row “2” (which was row 3, but isnow row 2).
What’s next in the code?
This is a way to “close off” the
If statement. So only the items inside the
If statement will be executed if the
If statement evaluates to
This tells Excel to move to the next row down, which is row 3. So, technically,it skipped the “Keep” that was in row 3, but is now in row 2.
Confusing? Sometimes that’s just how code is :)
Think you know where the bug is? If you realized that the second “Delete” cellwas skipped because we modified the range while VBA was looping through it, youguessed right.
Ok, so how do we fix this?
Let’s pick something easy. Let’s find the cells that have “Delete” in them, andinstead of deleting the entire row, let’s just make the text blank. We’ll change
But that only makes the cells blank, and you want to remove the entire row forall of those. So we’ll add another line of code:
After all the “Delete” cells have had their text cleared, we do a search on theoriginal selection for blank cells, and delete the entire row for only thosecells. Here’s our new code:
Try running that code again. Notice anything different?
Example Of Vba Code
Awesome. Now we have working code.
Where to Go From Here
There is a lot of power in Excel VBA. When I started learning about it, I wantedto automate everything - and I practically did. I became so good at my job because Iwas getting things done faster than everyone else. This got me noticed, which was good.Then I started sharing the tools I created with my teammates and then we became fasteras a team. This got me a raise, which was better.
If you continue on learning how to harness the power of VBA, it will help you outtremendously. So what are you waiting for? Let’s move on to the next item: